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Title: Effect of different water stress on the yield and yield components of second crop corn in semiarid climate
Authors: Dağdelen, Necdet
Yeşilırmak, Ercan
Gürbüz, Talih
Yılmaz, Ersel
Akçay, Selin
Keywords: Corn
Water Stress
Growth Stages
Yield Response Factor (Ky)
Aegean Region
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi
Citation: Dağdelen, N., Yeşilırmak, E., Gürbüz, T., Yılmaz, E., Akçay, S. (2009).Effect of different water stress on the yield and yield components of second crop corn in semiarid climate.International Meeting on Soil Fertility Land Management and Agroclimatology,Special Issue,815-826.
Abstract: The response of second crop corn (Zea mays L.) to different irrigation treatments in a semi arid climate was carried out in the field during the 2003 and 2004 growing season. Water stress was created at different development stages: early vegetative, vegetative, before tasseling, after tasseling, milk stage and after milk in order to determine the effect of irrigation treatments on vegetative growth, grain yield and yield components of corn. The effect of water stress at any stage of development on plant height, dry matter accumulation, kernel weight, kernel number per ear, ear length and ear diameter were studied. A rainfed (non-irrigated) treatment and 9 deficit irrigation treatments were applied to the Pioneer 3394 corn hybrid on a loam soil with 3 replications. Water stress significantly affected the corn grain yield. and yield components. The grain yield increased with irrigation water amount, and the highest average grain yield (11160 kg ha-1) were obtained from the well irrigated treatment (K1). Seasonal evapotranspiration increased with increased amounts of irrigation water applied. The highest seasonal ET (average of 650 mm) was determined at the (K1) treatment. Water stress occurring during vegetative and tasselling stages reduced plant height. Total dry matter (DM) accumulation was accelerated after each irrigation application. Yield response factor (ky) value of 1.02 were determined based on averages of two years. Significant linear relations were found for grain yield and seasonal evapotranspiration (ET). It is concluded that well irrigated treatment (K1) could be used for the semiarid climatic conditions under no water shortage. In the case of more restricted irrigation, the limitation of irrigation water at the vegetative and tasselling stages should be avoided to maintain satisfactory growth.
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